Women’s Day is annually celebrated on August 13th , which is the anniversary of promulgation of the Code of Personal Status in Tunisia in 1956.
The Code of Personal Status (CPS) is a series of laws, that regulate relations and institutions of equality between men and women in a number of areas. It was promulgated on August 13th, 1956 and it came to force on January 1st, 1957.
This Code gave women powers and established their place in Tunisian society. It abolished polygamy, created a judicial procedure for divorce, and marriage could be performed only with the mutual agreement of both parties. Several amendments were made in 1993 and women received rights to represent their children in judicial procedures, and rights to transfer their nationality and patrimony to children to the same extent as husbands.
The Code changed the life of the Tunisian women in the society. There is no wonder why the anniversary of promulgation of the Code is observed on a national level.
Women’s Day in Tunisia: August 13th, 2016
Women in Tunisia are celebrating national Women’s Day today to mark the 60th anniversary of the passage of what was a bold new legislation for women’s rights, the Code of Personal Status. This law distinguished Tunisia from much of the rest of the Arab world as it set standards and rights for women on issues such as marriage, education, child custody and equal pay. But even with the long-standing code, many women in the country are encountering worrying barriers to living in a truly gender-equal society.
New legislation for Tunisian women after January 14th , 2011
Tunisia’s new constitution, adopted on January 27, 2014, has strong a protection for women’s rights, including article 46, which provides that “The state commits to protect women’s established rights and works to strengthen and develop those rights,” and guarantees “equality of opportunities between women and men to have access to all levels of responsibility and in all domains.” It makes Tunisia one of the few countries in the Middle East and North Africa region with a constitutional obligation to work toward gender parity in elected assemblies.
Tunisia’s parliament adopted a new law on November 10th, 2015, that will allow women to travel with their minor children without getting permission from the children’s father. The Tunisian authorities should next ensure that all domestic laws conform to international standards and eliminate other forms of discrimination against women.
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