United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) topic overview :
Upholding human rights in prison
As they hold 10.35 million prisoner, a number that could be increased to over 11 million if we include detention centers in china and prison camps in North Korea, the current situation in penal institutions such as prisons, jails, penitentiaries and other forms of rehabilitative or retributive facilities is quite alarming.
Prisoners all over the globe are still dealing either with miserable jail conditions, unjust sentencing, or both. Some governments resort to coercive means to extract confessions or punish its political opponents, allow the use of torture and ill-treatment, hold prisoners of conscience, extend solitary confinement thus violating basic human rights. Furthermore, the deplorable overcrowding, dilapidated facilities and insufficient access to basic services such as medical care, hygiene and sanitation are causing the spread of deadly diseases notably HIV/Aids.
Today with the existence of a “human slaughterhouse” such as Saydnaya jail in syria, upholding human rights in prisons becomes a necessity, a topic that should be addressed by the Human rights council, Not only to maintain and support those rights but also to upraise them and come up with better solutions in order to protect individuals and improve penal institutions.
UNHRC : Upholding human rights in prisons
2-United States of America
14- North korea
20-United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
1- Amnesty International
2- Human Rights Watch